Cpanel WHM - Frequently Asked Questions

Problem:

Various questions and answers about common Cpanel WHM problems.


 

Solution:

From: http://www.cpanel.net/docs/whm/FAQ.htm

FAQ

Q: I'm having server problems but the problem is not listed below. What should I do?

A: There are two options:

  1. You can search the Knowledgebase in WebHost Manager. The is explained in the support part of this manual.

  2. You can search the CPanel forums - http://support.cpanel.net/

Q: How do I login to Cpanel from a non-GUI?

A: Do the following:

  1. /usr/local/cpanel startup

  2. /etc/rc.d/init.d/cpanel3 restart - This will restart CPanel.

Q: I just got another server, what do I do?

A: If you would like to make your two servers work together, you will need to establish a trust relationship with your primary nameserver - refer to Establishing a trust relationship for more information. You can also transfer your old server's files to your new server - refer to Transfers for more information.

Q: Proftp will not start it says, 'unable to determine the ip address of mydomainhere.com'. What do I do?

A: You need to change your hostname to a FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). A FQDN has a host name, and a domain name which includes a top-level domain, e.g. www.sub.domain.com.

  1. #pico /etc/sysconfig/network

  2. Type hostname www.sub.domain.com

  3. Save changes and quit pico.

  4. Now, add a DNS Zone for yourdomain.com in WebHost Manager.

  5. Add an entry to /etc/hosts for your hostname.

Q: I have a CPanel license but when I login it says 'Invalid Lisc File'. What's wrong?

A: There are a couple of possibilities. The date on your server could be improperly synced, your main IP could have changed, or your files could have been corrupted.

  1. First, try to resync your server's date:

    #rdate -s rdate.darkorb.net

  2. If that does not work, try to update your CPanel license file:

    #/usr/local/cpanel/cpkeyclt

  3. If these do not work contact your distributor so they can update your license

Q: My install keeps saying "waiting for updated to finish". What should I do?

A: Do the following:

  1. Open another Terminal window and run as root:

    #rsync -av rsync://ftp.cpanel.net/scripts /scripts

  2. /etc/rc.d/init.d/cpanel3 restart - This will restart CPanel.

Q: What types of traffic does the Bandwidth monitor show?

A: The bandwidth monitor watches http, ftp, and pop traffic.

Q: I've added accounts in WebHost Manager that aren't showing up. What's wrong?

A: Your domain database has not been updated, you need to run:

#/scripts/updateuserdomains

Q: What does Initial Nameserver Setup do?

A: This starts the name and adds it to the list of daemons to be checked.

Q: What should I do about partitioning my drive? What sizes do I need?

A: Refer to Installation for more information.

Q: How do I upgrade using buildapache.sea?

A: Do the following:

  1. SSH into your server.

  2. SU and log in as root.

  3. #wget http://layer1.cpanel.net/buildapache.sea

  4. #chmod 755 buildapache.sea

  5. #./buildapache.sea

  6. Wait for the installer to complete.

  7. Cleanup after the install with:

    #rm -Rf buildapache/

    #rm buildapache.sea

Q: How can I use Cpanel in a non-graphical environment?

A: Do the following:

  1. #/sbin/chkconfig --add xfs

  2. #/sbin/service xfs start

Q: Neomail keeps returning no MD5.so in @INC. What do I do?

A: #/scripts/cleanmd5

Q: How can I fix problems with mail that result from incorrect permissions?

A: #/scripts/mailperm

Q: I'm trying to add FrontPage extensions, or a new account, and I get sd(8,10) write failure, user limit block reached. What do I do?

A: #/scripts/fixquotas

Q: What can fix many common problems?

A: #/scripts/fixcommonproblems

Q: I keep getting a 500 error when trying to use Mailman. What is wrong?

A: Your hostname is not being sent with your e-mail. Do the following:

  1. #/scripts/fixoldlistswithsuexec

  2. If that doesn't work, try:

    #/scripts/fixmailmanwithsuexec

    #pico /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf - move the last vhost to the first vhost in the file.

Q: What do I do when Mailman wants UID 99 but is getting -1?

A: #/scripts/upcp

Q: My subdomain logs are not being processed. What do I do?

A: Do the following:

  1. #rm -f ~username/tmp/lastrun

  2. #killall -9 cpanellogd

  3. #/usr/local/cpanel/cpanellogd

Q: How do I enable FrontPage on port 443 with ssl?

A: Do the following:

  1. /usr/local/frontpage/version5.0/bin/owsadm.exe -o install -p 443 -m

  2. $domain -t apache-fp -xuser $user -xgroup $group -servconf

  3. "/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf"

Q: Neomail complains of no MD5.so in @INC - what do I do?

A: Do the following:

  1. Rebuild Perl using installer from http://cpanel.net/

  2. Just running /scripst/cleanmd5 should do it.

Q: When adding FrontPage, I get sd(8,10) write failure, user limit block reached. What do I do?

A: Run /scripts/fixquotas

Q: How do I fix general mail problems related to permissions?

A: /scripts/mailperm

Q: How do I fix the most common problems?

A: /scripts/fixcommonproblems

Q: How do I fix cgi scripts that are returning a 500 error because of permissions?

A: Do the following:

  1. /scripts/fixsuexeccgiscripts

  2. Read /usr/local/apache/logs/suexec_log for Mailman 500 Error.

  3. /scripts/fixmailmanwithsuexec

  4. Edit /usr/local/apache/conf/htpd.conf and move the vhost it creates (almost always the last one in the file) to be the first vhost.

  5. Restart Apache: /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd restart

  6. Run /scripts/fixoldlistswithsuexec

Q: What do I do when Mailman wants UID 99 when getting -1?

A: Do the following:

  1. Edit httpd.conf

  2. Make sure Group is set to nobody.

  3. Run /scripts/upcp - that should rebuild mailman with the correct UID/GID.

/scripts/upcp should now detect this and fix it for you automatically.

  1. Turn on SYN Cookies if built into the kernel.

  2. echo 1 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies - at boot time after the /proc file system has been mounted.

Q: How do I troubleshoot Perl scripts?

A: Do the following:

  1. Edit Perl / cgi script - at top of file #!/usr/bin/perl

  2. Use CGI::Carp qw(fatalsToBrowser); - errors should be redirected to browser rather then getting a 500 error.

  3. Also, check if the script runs on the command line - perl -w ./scriptname.cgi - and see if it gives you errors.

Q: What do I do if subdomain logs are not getting processed?

A: Do the following:

  1. rm -f ~username/tmp/lastrun

  2. killall -9 cpanellogd

  3. /usr/local/cpanel/cpanellogd

Q: How do I stop a crontab?

A: Add - >/dev/null 2>&1 - after the entry in the crontab.

Q: What do I do when MySQL gives error of access denied for root@localhost?

A: Make sure root pass is in /root/.my.cnf, this is usually the first root password the box was given when CPanel was installed.

Q: How do I set the /etc/my.cnf file for sites with vbb forums that don't close connections, thus spawning 500 mysqld's and hogging all the RAM?

A: Do the following to mysqld:

  • set-variable = max_connections=1500

  • set-variable = max_user_connections=200

  • set-variable = wait_timeout=200

  • set-variable = interactive_timeout=800

Q: What do I do if SpamAssassin is taking up a lot of memory and CPU?

A: The chances are the dbm database has gotten corrupted. Try this:

  1. Find out what user it's running as with 'top'.

  2. cd /home/user/

  3. rm -rf .spamassasin

  4. Then mail them a couple of times to see if it fixes the problem.

Q: What do I do if buildapache.sea bombs out with a lot of nasty looking errors?

A: Do the following:

  1. Find out the version (cat /etc/redhat-release).

  2. Find a server running the same version that works.

  3. tar xzvf bits.tgz /usr/include/bits

  4. Copy that to the broken server.

  5. Backup /usr/include/bits somewhere.

  6. tar xzvf bits.tgz from /

Q: What do I do when a Guestbook is not showing anything, I get a blank page when trying to view, and no errors when submitting?

A: Do the following:

chown nobody /home/username/.guestbook

Make sure 'nobody' can write to it.

Q: What do I do when all the Perl/CGI scripts that are not running as root (including Interchange) get the error "getgrgid: invalid groupid XXXXX"? From Apache's error_log ...

[Tue Mar 26 09:13:16 2002] [error] [client x.x.x.x] (2)No such file or directory: getgrgid: invalid groupid 32015

[Tue Mar 26 09:13:16 2002] [error] (2)No such file or directory: exec of /home/username/public_html/utility.cgi failed

[Tue Mar 26 09:13:16 2002] [error] [client x.x.x.x] Premature end of script headers: /home/username/public_html/script.cgi

A: Do the following:

chmod 644 /etc/group

If that doesn't fix it, check permissions on the passwd file and shadow file as well just for good measure.

Q: What are the default locations for Mailman, exim config, exim log, or the exim reject log?

A: The locations are:

  • Mailman lists = /usr/local/cpanel/3rdparty/mailman/lists/

  • Exim Config = /etc/exim.conf

  • Exim Log = /var/log/exim_mainlog

  • Exim Reject Log = /var/log/exim_rejectlog

Q: What do I do when setting up a trust relationship and I get errors about possible security threats and stuff about SSH/known_hosts?

A: Most likely the master server has changed it's ssl info. The easiest way to remedy this is:

  1. cd /etc/

  2. rm -rf .ssh

Then try setting up the trust relationship again.

  • Email, SSL
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